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Innovating knowledge communities An analysis of group collaboration and competition in science and technology – Part 3

By Samuel Phineas Upham Part 3 Knowledge communities that use unique knowledge will perform better. Now we turn from the way knowledge communities use knowledge to the way they use, in aggregate, rhetoric. Knowledge communities are largely text-based—that is, the primary form of communication between members is through articles. Knowledge communities have a particularly difficult signaling problem: Members need to...

Innovating knowledge communities An analysis of group collaboration and competition in science and technology – Part 2

By Samuel Phineas Upham Part 2 Search The search strategies used in research have been found to be very important to the resulting nature and degree of innovation. James March (1991) described two strategies firms could use when searching for new ideas or technologies. An explorative search strategy focuses on searching through unfamiliar material in the hopes of a breakthrough that would expand an area of...

Innovating knowledge communities An analysis of group collaboration and competition in science and technology

By Samuel Phineas Upham Part 1 Abstract A useful level of analysis for the study of innovation may be what we call ‘‘knowledge communities’’—intellectually cohesive, organic inter-organizational forms. Formal organizations like firms are excellent at promoting cooperation, but knowledge communities are superior at fostering collaboration—the most important process in innovation. Rather than focusing on...